what are the causes of revolt of 1857
The peasants suffered due to high revenue demands and the strict revenue collection policy. The number of the Indian sepoys in that year was 2, 33,000. Those small officers among the sepoys, who became popular with their man, were suspected by the British army officers and removed from services. Indian Mutiny, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion begun in 1857 against British rule in India. Under the doctrine of lapse, the British annexed any Indian state where the ruler did not have a male heir. It was mainly fought against the biggest East India Company which acted as the supreme power at that time. Therefore, some of the royal houses, both Hindu and Muslim, got involved in anti-British activities. Religious causes 4. The company’s trade policy destroyed Indian handicrafts. REVOLT OF 1857 & THE INDIAN COUNCILS ACT, 1861 SHREYA MENON BA0130056 TAMIL NADU NATIONAL LAW SCHOOL TIRUCHIRAPPALLI SUBMITED TO PROF. ANSHUMAN SINGH The Revolt of 1857, commonly called as the Sepoy Revolt, was the culmination of the manifold grievances that Indians had against the East India Company’s rule. However, there were also many other causes that in sum resulted in the Rebellion of 1857. As per some British historians, it was just a peasant sepoy mutiny. Quit India Movement (Second World War and consequences) What was the immediate cause of the Revolt of 1857? The rich Taluqdars of Oudh lost their Taluqs and became poor and unprivileged. social causes of revolt of 1857 » There was fear among peoples that Christian missionaries will convert them into Christian. The events of 1857 were unique both in terms of historical precedence and in terms of the socio-political sphere as far as India was concerned. By that time, the secret agents of Rani Lakshmi Bai and Nana Saheb were busy among the angry sepoys to foment trouble. REVOLT OF 1857 Causes of the revolt of 1857 These are broadly categorized into four parts: Political causes: LORD DALHOUSIE: A. Doctrine of lapse. Their manner and behavior greatly displeased the orthodox people. In India of his time, the individuals were oppressed and down-trodden. Political causes: The Doctrine of Lapse which was introduced by the British stated that any kingdom of India which did not have its natural heir the kingdom would pass on to the hands of the British. They wanted changes and reforms. 1.1 Lack of Planning and Co-ordination; 1.2 Weak Leadership of the 1857 Mutiny; 2 Military Causes of Failure of 1857 Revolt. 1. Dalhousie’s policy of annexation came as a shock to the princely order of India. The unhappiness of the sepoys first surfaced in 1824 when the 47th Regiment at Barrackpur was ordered to go to Burma. There was no promotion for them to higher ranks. wars, that the British were the chosen race to rule the world and bring about the western civilizations to the back. Thirdly, the sepoys were paid very small amounts as their pay. India as a region has known foreign invaders more frequently than any other region in world history. 3. The seed of communal discord planted by the English in India sprouted … (i) The people felt that the British were destroying those socio-religious customs which were sacred to the Indians. Utilitarian saw the improvement in India through the maintaining good policies. The revolt of 1857 - MCQs with answers - Part I 1.Which among the following was not an economic cause of the revolt of 1857? Introduced by Lord Dalhousie. Also Read: Causes of the Revolt of 1857. Subsidiary alliance and Doctrine of Lapsepolicy hampered the interests of the rulers of the native states 3. The talk of widow remarriage qt the time of Dalhousie shocked the orthodox people greatly. The sepoys saw a deep conspiracy to destroy their religious faiths. Answer. This was why Laxmibai's son who was adopted was denied the throne. Besides that, very few English soldiers were stationed at many vital places like Delhi or Allahabad. The immediate cause of the Indian Revolt of 1857, or Sepoy Mutiny, was a seemingly minor change in the weapons used by the British East India Company's troops.The Company had upgraded to the new Pattern 1853 Enfield rifle, which used greased paper cartridges. Administrative causes of the revolt of 1857 Resentment against a new administrative system. In fact, multiple causes i.e., social-religious-political- economic worked together to produce the rebellion. Their discontent took serious proportions. Sixthly, Vivekananda reminded the Hindus to develop an attitude tolerance towards each other. During that period, the British Empire saw its rise and completion. Content Guidelines Majumdar considers it as neither the first, nor national, nor a war of independence. The revolt of 1857 suffered from a weak leadership. As a result of all such things the economic discontent of the people increased. Our God is the cooking –pot, our religion is: do not touch me, I am holy,” said Vivekananda while criticizing the Hindus. Revolt of 1857 More was the exploitation, greater became the poverty. Many states were annexed under this Doctrine. These of the adopted sons of the dead rulers who lost their thrones or pensions became the sworn enemies of British. The policy of taxing lands belonging to temples and mosques lent further … All the articles you read in this site are contributed by users like you, with a single vision to liberate knowledge. But it was not simply a revolt of sepoys. So, when an opportunity came, the landlords, Taluqdars and the common subject took up arms against the Government wherever they could. They denied the use of the fat of caws or pigs only cartridge. The Sepoy mutiny of 1857, popularly known as the Revolt of 1857 was the first major attempt at overthrow of the British rule from India led by disgruntled sepoys or army jawans and later joined by various sections of the society like princes, zamindars, peasants, etc. Given below are the chief causes of the 1857 War of Independence : The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was a major, but ultimately unsuccessful, uprising in India in 1857–58 against the rule of the British East India Company, which functioned as a sovereign power on behalf of the British Crown. To him, religion should not mean blind faith or absurd practices. “Our religion is in the Kitchen. He believed that individual consciousness should lead a national consciousness. TAMIL NADU NATIONAL LAW SCHOOL This was … It made the sepoys furious. The regiment was disbanded and those who led the opposition were hanged. The rebellion began on 10 May 1857 in the form of a mutiny of sepoys of the Company's army in the garrison town of Meerut, 40 mi (64 km) northeast of Delhi (now Old Delhi). In 1857 the British faced a serious challenge to their control of India. By teaching him his worth Vivekananda established him as a nobler individual. for different reasons. The rising of 1857 began. Introduction causes of revolt of 1857 1. The Christians missionaries also became active among the sepoys. Those were the days when people believed in all types of rumors. The British imperialism over India led to the British imperialism over China. Were infringed led the opposition were hanged its development of culture was both spiritual and material governance India. Metaphysical, the British were the rulers of India fell one by one before the might of the revolt 1857. Trade policy destroyed Indian handicrafts in essence the contents of Vivekananda ’ s policy of the character and of! 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