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It was a French jet supersonic strategic bomber and deep-reconnaissance aircraft. Developed by Dassault Aviation, the aircraft entered service … Within the first decade of the type entering service, in excess of 200,000 hours were flown and 40,000 aerial refuelling operations were performed by the Mirage IV fleet alone; at one point, Mirage IV operations were consuming up to 44 per cent of the French Air Force's total spare parts budget. [12], For production, various portions of the aircraft were subcontracted to Sud Aviation (wings and rear fuselage) and Breguet Aviation (tailfin), which was still a separate company from Dassault until 1967; Dassault manufactured the front fuselage and flight-control system internally. But if you can, please donate here to keep this site going. [13] The improvements featured upon the last 12 Mirage IVs were later retroactively applied to the whole fleet.[16]. This, BAC argued, could provide a highly efficient TSR.2 replacement aircraft, fully capable of performing the TSR.2 tasks, at a total cost, for seventy-five aircraft … While broadly similar to the model used on the Mirage III, the Atar engine had a greater airflow and an elevated overspeed limit from 8,400 rpm to 8,700 rpm for greater thrust during high altitude supersonic flight. In a recent message on the Alphasim forum he included images showing the three different variants: A Mirage IVA armed with the AN-22 Free-Fall nuclear weapon, a Mirage IVP armed with the ASMP stand-off nuclear missile and drop tanks, and the Mirage … It has two SNECMA Atar turbojets in the rear … Times are hard so we understand if you can’t afford to support this site. “We were in the middle of the Cold War, our mission was deterrence. [45], Alert status consisted of an active inventory of 36 Mirage IVs. I’d never seen a picture of them next to each other before, now the difference make sense! Even with comparable flight performance, piloting a military aircraft has no other purpose than the completion of a specific mission, which the pilot can appreciate more or less, according to his preferences.”. [27] RAF pilots who test-flew the Mirage IV were "favourably impressed" with its low altitude performance. More!”. here to keep this site going. [17] This version would have been very costly, and ultimately was not ordered. The Mirage F1 was of similar size to the delta-winged Mirage III and Mirage 5, and was powered by the same SNECMA Atar engine as had been used on the larger Dassault Mirage IV; however, unlike its … During a low altitude bombing training mission on a seaside range, an engine failure on departure from Solenzara forced me to give the order to abandon the plane while we were at very low altitude over the sea and flying at 600 knots. [2], The 01 was an experimental prototype built to explore and solve the problems stemming from prolonged supersonic flight. The landing was smooth thanks to the down-wash effect generated by its large airfoil. At this point they were each armed with a single 60 kiloton nuclear bomb. I hope my answers will give you an insider’s insight into the secretive world of “Chasse B …” and thanks for your interest.”. [6] This aircraft had a wing area of 77.9 square metres (839 sq ft) and weighed about 32,000 kilograms (70,000 lb)[12] On 4 April 1960, a formal order for 50 production Mirage IVA aircraft was issued. [27] Some aviation journalists claim that the rejection of the Mirage IV* may have dampened French interest in joint Anglo-French cooperation. [30], The Mirage IV shares design features and a visual resemblance to the Mirage III fighter, featuring a tailless delta wing and a single square-topped vertical fin. While being significantly smaller than an expensive medium bomber proposal for the role, the Mirage IV was r… The equipment was completely traditional with conventional flight control and engine control instruments and the same equipment as on any plane. Date/time Contributor Updates; 12-Dec-2018 20:49: Cobar: Added : 28-Aug-2020 19:04: TB: Updated [Aircraft type, Total fatalities, Other fatalities, Source, Narrative] [28] However, Bill Gunston notes that low-level Mirage IV missions had been planned since 1963 and Mirage IVs operated regularly at low level since 1965, and argues that the ability of a strategic bomber to operate from unprepared airstrips is historically unimportant. Developed by Dassault Aviation, the aircraft entered service with the French Air Force in October 1964. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. ", "Tangible Mirages: The Most Successful Family of European Aeroplanes. [31], The Mirage IV is powered by two Snecma Atar turbojets, fed by two air intakes on either side of the fuselage that had intake half-cone shock diffusers, known as souris ("mice"), which were moved forward as speed increased to trim the inlet for the shock wave angle. [3], The final specifications, jointly defined by government authorities and Dassault staff, were approved on 20 March 1957. [57] EB 2/91 was disbanded and EB 1/91 was redesignated Escadron de Reconnaissance Stratégique (Strategic Reconnaissance Squadron),[citation needed] using five remaining Mirage IVPs based at Mont-de-Marsan; the remaining aircraft were stored at Chateaudun. This task having been delegated to the navigator, the pilot only had the TACAN and the relayed instructions from behind, no visual instruments, only a device controlled by the SNB (Navigation and Bombing System) projected the flight plan onto the globe indicator for the release of the load. On 17 June 1959, French General Roland Glavany, on a five-year leave from the French Air Force since 1954, took the 01 for its maiden flight. [13] Free-falling munitions could also be aimed using a ventral blister-mounted periscope from the navigator's position. [15] A series of 62 aircraft was built, and they entered service between 1964 and 1968. Overview. [18] The IVA was one of five aircraft types that were short listed for the role, but the F-111C was eventually selected. Did Mirage IV crews have to accept much more severe security restrictions than other military aircrew because of its key strategic role, and if so what impact did that have on their everyday life? Lacking any operational objective in these cases, they were nevertheless very spectacular crowd-pleasers.”, “Having never, during the Cold War, carried out a real operational mission, none of the training missions deserve any special classification. In 1963, the Australian government sought a replacement for the Royal Australian Air Force fleet of English Electric Canberra bombers, largely in response to the Indonesian Air Force's purchase of missile-armed Tupolev Tu-16 bombers. Note: French Air Force Mirage 4P waiting for take-off approval on the apron at Kleine Brogel, during the photo-call day (2005) and its last time visit to Belgium (prior to retirement). Gunston, Bill. [34] In the event of nuclear war between the major powers, it was thought that there would be little point in having the fuel to return as the host air bases would have been destroyed; instead, surviving Mirage IVs would have diverted to land at bases in nearby neutral countries following the delivery of their ordnance. ( Log Out /  [52] In 1975, all Mirage IVs were progressively painted in a new green/grey camouflage scheme. So, no there was no hesitancy. (August 2004 Update) David Bushell has been busy working on his series of Mirage IV. Several Nord Noratlas were specially modified, having received the Mirage IV's radar, control consoles, and additional electrical generators, for the purpose of training navigators; these were later replaced by a pair of customised Dassault Falcon 20 outfitted with much of the Mirage IVP's avionics. Would it have survived – and if so, how? ( Log Out /  ", This page was last edited on 27 September 2020, at 18:11. More about the Dassault Mirage IV jet. After the acceptance of the Mirage IV 01 prototype, Dassault presented three proposals for the future supersonic bomber, designated as Mirage IV-A, IV-B and IV-C, with different dimensions and powerplants.Proposals B and C were rejected because they were too expensive, so the IV … This kit is more than 40 years old (1979) and has raised panel, therefore i'had to sand it entirely and re-scribe it. (YAM) In conclusion and drawing together all the technology, politics and national pride the Mirage … Wings were of the low-mounted monoplane type … “I already had the opportunity to use take-off assistance rockets on the F-84F. The long term replacement for the Mirage IVP was Mirage 2000N aircraft outfitted with a modern PRNG Pod de Reconnaissance Nouvelle Génération (New Generation Reconnaissance Pod), equipped with digital camera equipment. [44] From 1964 to 1971, the Mirage IV was France's sole means of delivering nuclear ordnance. All were similar, within their specific scope. [12] The Mirage IV* was to carry a bombload of up to 9,100 kilograms (20,000 lb). [27] However, some British government officials, including Parliament members Julian Risdale and Roy Jenkins, questioned the Mirage IV*'s capacity to operate from unprepared airstrips or to operate at low level, or claimed that the F-111 was a superior aircraft "in a class of its own". “Strategic bomber. In late 1958, the aircraft was transferred to the Melun-Villaroche flight testing area for finishing touches and ground tests. This mission appeared legitimate to all members of the FAS (Strategic Air Forces) and each one, without wishing it of course, was ready to carry it out if necessary. These machines are very spectacular when seen from outside, but so is the feeling inside the aircraft. The crew of two sat in tandem in the long and narrow fuselage. In terms of pure piloting, in the classic phases: take off, final approach and landing, ascent and descent, navigating at high and low altitude, this plane was particularly pleasant. By 1963, the majority of missions involving the Mirage IV were being planned as low-level flights. There, the pilot had only himself to rely on in often difficult flight conditions, at low altitude, day or night and, ideally, in bad weather.One cannot imagine, by comparing the silhouettes of the two planes, how utterly different they were. I’d love to know what the French equivalent of “tin triangle” is. [14], On 7 December 1963, the first production Mirage IVA performed its maiden flight. [17] By 1964, Mirage IVAs were conducting training penetration runs at an altitude of 200 ft, without the assistance of terrain-following radar, which subjected pilots to considerable workload and those on board to high levels of turbulence. Very much like the British V Bomber force, the Mirage IV was part of a three way nuclear deterrent based around manned aircraft… Wagner, Paul J. Dassault Mirage III Modeler's Online Reference Cybermodeler Online In December 1963 Dassault proposed a Mirage IV-106 variant with 2 Snecma TF106 (license-built Pratt and Whitney) engines, an enlarged 105,000 gross-weight fuselage, terrain-avoidance radar, and armed with a proposed French version of the American Douglas GAM-87 Skybolt air-launched ballistic missile. The Mirage IV was replaced as a nuclear platform by the Mirage 2000 N in 1996 and finally retired as a reconnaissance aircraft for the French Air Force in 2005. Finally in 1996, with the advent of the two-seat Mirage 2000N (N for Nuclear), the Mirage IV no longer served in a nuclear role. Original aircraft model, … The first real refuelling, where we enter another dimension. At Luxeuil Air Base, located at almost 1,000 feet above sea level, and in summer, the aircraft was at the limit of the performance curves at lift-off. ES 1/91 Gascogne's surviving Mirage IVPs were retired in 2005 and are conserved and stored at the Centre d'Instruction Forces Aériennes Stratégiques (CIFAS) at Bordeaux Mérignac. The IVA I knew had only analogue equipment, needle dials.One regret, especially for a pilot used to the Mirage IIIE: the means of monitoring and controlling navigation were limited. Beyond this, no comparison is possible due to the very specific mission assigned to the IVA. The Mirage IV was retired from the nuclear strike role in 1996, and the type was entirely retired from operational service in 2005. The 12 rockets hung under the belly of the Mirage IV required an additional thrust of more than 5 tonnes, corresponding to about 2/3 power of a single engine. “The largest armed warplane in the French air force plane could not be more impressive! [43] De Gaulle viewed the operational establishment of the Mirage IV fleet, a critical component of the independent Force de frappe, as highly influential to his decision to withdraw France from NATO, and that an independent French nuclear deterrent was necessary to ensure independence as a nation. [56] Aviation authors Bill Gunston and Peter Gilchrist allege that French officials had historically discounted the option of recovering Mirage IVs in friendly territory as unduly optimistic, as those nations might become unfriendly or hostile in the aftermath of a French nuclear attack.[3]. "Pénétration Augumentation". Resin Cockpit Sets Mirage IV, Mig-21, Fiat G.91. The Dassault Mirage 5 is a supersonic attack aircraft designed in France by Dassault Aviation during the 1960s and manufactured in France and a number of other countries. It had been planned for this batch to be powered by the newer Pratt & Whitney/SNECMA TF106 turbofan engine. The Mirage IV can carry 12 solid-fuel rockets diagonally down below the wing flaps, for rocket-assisted take off (RATO). Sud Aviation and Nord Aviation both submitted competing proposals, both based on existing aircraft; Sud Aviation proposed the Super Vautour, a stretched Sud Aviation Vautour with 47 kilonewtons (10,500 lbf) thrust SNECMA Atar engines and a combat radius of 2,700 kilometres (1,700 mi) at Mach 0.9. A deep centerline pylon was added, which could accommodate either a single ASMP missile or a CT52 reconnaissance pod. In addition, it required surprisingly little maintenance considering its age and complexity. Sustained turnC. You can really help. In total, there are 17 models and 92 repaints in this package. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The Mirage F1 was of similar size to the delta-winged Mirage III and Mirage 5, and was powered by the same SNECMA Atar engine as had been used on the larger Dassault Mirage IV; however, unlike its predecessors, it shared the layout of a swept wing mounted high on the fuselage and a conventional tail surface as used by the F2. [7] Manufacture of both the prototypes and subsequent production aircraft was often hindered by an explicit requirement that there would be no reliance upon foreign suppliers to maintain France's nuclear capabilities; due to this, the Mirage IV initially lacked an inertial navigation system as French industry could not yet produce this device. On 20 March 1957 its crews, who found it enjoyable to fly defined by government authorities and staff. 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