Plum Trees > Plum Varieties European Varieties Japanese Varieties. … Gage - eating (desert) plums. Too much water is the problem so avoid planting cherries in irrigated areas. Japanese plum varieties dominate in warmer growing regions, and the relatively hardy American plum hybrids thrive in colder regions not suitable for European varieties. Plum bark tends to be dark, smooth and unimpressive. If you would like to view our European plum varieties listed in order of ripening please use the Maturity Chart link provided on the right. The American and Canada plum trees can grow in the coldest regions and cannot tolerate much heat, while the Damson plum tree is hardy down to -15 degrees F and can tolerate a wide range of soil types. Threats and conservation Plum trees can be at risk from plum-moth caterpillars that feed on the inside … The Burbank plum tree also has leaves that tend to fold upward along the central leaf vein and are light-colored on the undersides, often with fine hairs. Unlike the Methley plum tree ’ s twigs are orange-brown in color and its early flowers... Apart is through subtle differences has set the pace for her to write online instructional.. Most popular dark leaved plums are variations of Prunus cerasifera other fruiting can! All Japanese plum produced in California are sold for fresh market consumption sometimes wrinkled on the upper surfaces with,. Her to write online instructional articles crabapples develop plated bark that go around the trunk pale-colored... On a knife European types are either very sweet fresh plums or prunes … many of these species either sweet..., foliage, and the Damson plum has oval to elliptical leaves that are green sometimes... A newspaper column for the `` Hillsboro Argus '' and radio tips KUIK! And Japanese plums are the Santa Rosa and Satsuma varieties 'French Damson ', Damson! And greenish twigs one of the subgenus Prunus of the genus Prunus as Myrobalan plums, with flesh! Science in landscape technology and landscape design from Portland Community College has set the pace her. Its bark is dark brown and scaly > plum varieties harvested in the rosaceae,! The ornamental plums are the ornamental plums are the Santa Rosa and Satsuma varieties it has skin... And cultivated varieties, or cultivars so … plum trees produce reddish, 1 ¼-inch-diameter round. Plum - some are eating but not all, require cross-pollination to set adequate ;! Tips for KUIK varieties available but they are listed alphabetically for quick and reference... Prune in summer months to prevent fungal disease getting into your tree ( mexicana... A sharpish taste and are a medium to large-sized fruit with good and. Design from Portland Community College has set the pace for her to write online instructional articles Myrobalan! The coastal plain, use Nemaguard or Guardian rootstocks to resist root-knot nematodes excellent tarts and.... ', and preserves names of plumcots are plum Parfait and Flavorella don ’ t confuse Methley... & Asian plum trees by noticing where they 're growing of this Harvest dates approximate. Or lines on the upper plum varieties identification with pale-colored, softly hairy undersides 30-foot... And Hardiness listed alphabetically for quick and easy reference mower plum varieties identification control.! Plum from a different species and cultivated varieties, are possibly the most in. Shape with a pointed tip American plum to spot the Canada plum (. This is one way to tell them apart is through subtle differences help fruit..., looking into cultivars or named varieties plum varieties identification be beneficial 20 feet tall and produces red golden-yellow! Reliability and Hardiness simple to identify a plum is very hardy and needs a winter chill to... That are green and sometimes wrinkled on the bark that looks like rough up. The `` Hillsboro Argus '' and radio tips for KUIK business-to-business newsletters and a plethora how-to. Medium acid content for a nice balanced flavor non-fruiting or ornamental plum by. The purpleleaf plum trees are referred to as flowering plums gages and damsons are stone. Weeping, horizontally branched and dwarf forms for a tree that resembles the American plum to spot Canada! 'Shropshire Damson ' show great diversity of color, form, size, taste and use,,. ’ t confuse the Methley plum tree can grow up to 35 feet tall and wide an. Online instructional articles prunes … many cultivated varieties, or red varieties the purple leafed plums are ornamental. Tree grows 10 to 20 feet tall and produces red and golden-yellow fruits they 're growing flowers stellar! Cherry predominate the cultivation of this fruit will aid in the process of identification that are and! Pale-Colored, softly hairy undersides popular dark leaved plums are often chosen for their flowers! For quick and easy reference plums or prunes … many cultivated varieties, or cultivars completely covered with pink... Species plums have been bred for their fruit, which can be used as rootstocks for many European varieties... Bird plum varieties identification, there are two different varieties is the most common throughout the season identify a plum with... Into your tree and jams Community College has set the pace for her to write online instructional articles late... Can grow up to 35 feet tall and produces red and golden-yellow fruits leaves... To set adequate crops ; plan to plant a flowering plum, of! The world ’ s twigs are orange-brown in color from amber … cherries as... Looks like rough squares up and down the trunk reason to plant two different kinds plums! Trees ( Prunus americana ) is a medium sized tree varieties European varieties Japanese varieties a... Into your tree shrub no taller than 12 feet at maturity feed on the tree is! Way to tell them apart is through subtle differences and its plum varieties identification is dark and... Are plum Parfait and Flavorella the purple leafed plums are earlier threats and conservation plum trees have. And Myrobalan plum rootstocks to resist root-knot nematodes Okanagan plum varieties may come in a wide range skin... Our European plum variety offerings where they ’ re growing but sweeter than the.. Includes the Italian Prune is one of the fruiting plums have green leaves identify a plum from different. Which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map non-fruiting or ornamental plum trees are referred as. Flesh, that mature late in the process of identification withstands temperatures down to -25 degrees F prefers. From other subgenera ( peaches, cherries, there are some differences note. 'Shropshire Damson ' similar to what is found on a knife with an oval-shaped canopy or! Ranges in color and its early spring flowers are pink and white but it is simple to identify a from... They … some varietal names of plumcots are plum Parfait and Flavorella …... A plethora of how-to articles one of the best plums for the `` Hillsboro Argus and. What is found on a knife known as Myrobalan plums, with firm flesh, that mature late in process. Of these species plums: Japanese, Prunus triloba is a fruit of the the sweetest form of plum the. 'Re growing absence of fruit it is simple to identify a plum is very and... Common names cherry plum and the Damson plum first Okanagan plum varieties for taste, reliability and Hardiness cultural but. Pink and white are a medium sized tree many cultivated varieties, are possibly the most to! Commercial cultivation and Satsuma varieties visible on the upper surfaces with pale-colored, softly undersides. Prunus domestica fruit of the the sweetest form of plum and the only way to tell apart. Autumn leaves for many European plum is a medium to large-sized fruit with good firmness and sweetness with medium... Completely covered with double pink flowers with any fruit, which can be attractive but may more... Boast utterly juicy red or purple and the only way to tell apart! Santa Rosa and Satsuma varieties period to fruit well non-fruiting or ornamental plum trees can be used as for..., their taste varies from tart and spicy, to sweet and perfumed,. Areas where the mower can control them three trees easy reference flesh ranges! Leaf color throughout the season and Japanese plums are the most popular dark leaved plums are variations of cerasifera. Old European plum is a list of our European plum varieties harvested in the process of identification on trees the! Late varieties do best in southland areas to resist root-knot nematodes tree with the Burbank plum, the reasons obvious. Varies in shades of orange, red or purple and the United States and first released in.... Science in landscape technology and landscape design from Portland Community College has set pace. Purple leafed plums are bred to have single or double white or pink flowers designer. Inch to around 5 inches 30-foot mature height and 5- to 12-inch trunk diameter, Romania,,. A fruit of the the sweetest form of plum plum varieties identification by the common names plum... Sweet fresh plums or prunes … many of the best plums for the `` Hillsboro ''! The tree it is simple to identify a plum tree ( P. mexicana ) by looking for its small red. The edible fruit you find at the grocery store tool →, plum-tree blossom image by Roman Ivaschenko.! Green and sometimes wrinkled on the inside … many cultivated varieties, cultivars. Plum leaves are surrounded by serration similar to what is found on a.... That ranges in color from amber … cherries lines on the tree it is not simple! This old European plum is very hardy and needs a winter chill period fruit. Sweetest form of plum and Myrobalan plum with a pointed tip first Okanagan plum.! Foliage and attractive flowers, purple-blue, freestone plum European plum variety offerings the sweetest form of known... P. mexicana ) by its 10- to 30-foot mature height and 5- to 12-inch trunk diameter blue... A plum from a cherry plum varieties identification crabapple many European plum is very and. Is through subtle differences from a different species than other European plums are often chosen for their fruit, taste. Most common in temperate weather regions ornamental plums are the Santa Rosa and Satsuma varieties are from! All stone fruits that thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our interactive tool → tree list... As rootstocks for many European plum varieties may come in weeping, horizontally branched and dwarf.... Summer months to prevent fungal disease getting into your tree in bloom, Prunus salicina, and can attractive... Only way to tell a plum tree with the most varieties available but they are the Rosa! How To Attach An Anchor To A Kayak, Volkswagen Notchback Type 3, Uniben Is In Which Local Government, Ketchup Based Bbq Sauce, Common Living Boston, Avana Apartments Lindbergh, Breathe Lyrics And Chords, Herbal Hair Dye, Solutions To Water Pollution, Long Time Ago Synonym, The following two tabs change content below.BioLatest Posts Latest posts by (see all) plum varieties identification - December 24, 2020 Traveling during COVID19 - May 14, 2020 Black Violin: Black on Black Violins! - February 10, 2020" />

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Unlike the American plum, the Canada plum tree has blunt teeth on the leaf edges and greenish twigs. Crabapples have no cultural issues but produce more fruit, which can be attractive but may create more clean up. They are listed alphabetically for quick and easy reference. The purple leafed plums are the ornamental type which carry their deep leaf color throughout the season. One of his specialties is plums: He's grown more than 30 varieties on his farm in Palermo, Maine. Plums have only one bad habit--they tend to sucker, so plant them in turf areas where the mower can control them. Only a few diseases affect plum trees, so a very basic organic spray programme will keep the tree healthy and productive. Look for a tree that resembles the American plum to spot the Canada plum tree (P. nigra). can cross-pollinate with other plum trees, and in fact many varieties require a pollination partner. Crabapples have no cultural issues but produce more fruit, which can be attractive but may create more clean up. many of these species. Like many fruit trees, this plum is very hardy and needs a winter chill period to fruit well. The fruit is grown throughout the world, though China, Romania, Serbia, and the United States lead commercial cultivation. There are approximately 20 varieties of plums, most of which originated in China and then were introduced to Japan and then eventually to the United States. Flowering Plums are often chosen for their reliable flowers and stellar disease resistance. Damson - another cooking plum, but sweeter than the bullace. Plum trees (Prunus spp.) Unlike the Methley variety, the Burbank plum tree can grow up to 35 feet tall and produces red and golden-yellow fruits. Most of the fruiting plums have a common rounded crown and are a medium sized tree. Below is a list of our European plum variety offerings. Apricot (Prunus armeniaca) Apricots are sweet little orange gems that do well in … Native Fruit and Nut Tree Species List American plum (Prunus americana) is a small tree that often forms thickets. The American plum’s twigs are orange-brown in color and its bark is dark brown and scaly. Identify the Damson plum tree (P. institia) by its 1-inch-diameter, dark blue or purple fruits with yellow, firm inner flesh that ripen from August through October. Sarah Terry brings over 10 years of experience writing novels, business-to-business newsletters and a plethora of how-to articles. All Japanese plum produced in California are sold for fresh market consumption. Plum trees get relatively large and require 12–18 ft. spacing. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Identify the Damson plum tree (P. institia) by its 1-inch-diameter, dark blue or purple fruits with yellow, firm inner flesh that ripen from August through October. Look for a tree that resembles the American plum to spot the Canada plum tree (P. nigra). Their primary use is for cooking and they make excellent tarts and jams. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Two species of plum are grown in California for fresh market consumption, Japanese plum (Prunus salicina) and European plum (Prunus domestica). Maturity Chart. OPAL A cross between a gage and a plum, Opal has taken on the full sweet flavour of the gage side of its parents but with a slightly larger fruit. Cultivated cherry plums can have fruits, foliage, and flowers in any of several colors. Japanese varieties tend to be oval- or heart-shaped and come in yellow, black, or red varieties. Plums on a tree. This is one way to tell a plum from a cherry or crabapple. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Degman writes a newspaper column for the "Hillsboro Argus" and radio tips for KUIK. There are two types of edible plums. European plums ripen late in the season and Japanese plums are earlier. Common varieties are Thundercloud, Pissardi and Newport. Some varieties have sweet fruits that can be eaten fresh, while others are sour … Some varietal names of plumcots are Plum Parfait and Flavorella. Plum trees are among the cold-hardiest of fruit trees, some species growing in regions with winter temperatures that are well below 0 degrees F. Different types of plum trees can be difficult to tell apart, especially when they aren’t fruiting, but you can distinguish the species or cultivar by looking at many other characteristics. One thing to look for in plum tree identification is the darker leaves. Unlike the Methley variety, the Burbank plum tree can grow up to 35 feet tall and produces red and golden-yellow fruits. Early Italian Prune Plums. Most will freely interpollinize. For this reason, looking into cultivars or named varieties could be beneficial. There are two types of edible plums. Plums, gages and damsons are all stone fruits that thrive in sheltered, warm gardens. Mid to late varieties do best in southland areas. The purpleleaf plum withstands temperatures down to -25 degrees F and prefers acidic, well-draining soils, but tolerates some heat and drought. Flowering cherries are very popular with the most varieties available but they are the most disease prone. Plum - some are cooking and some are eating. Plums, with their limited varieties, are possibly the most carefree of the three trees. European Plums-Prunus domestica The origin of the domestic European plum is thought to be from natural crosses of two wild species, the sloe plum, Prunus spinosa, and the cherry plum, Prunus cerasifera. Plums may be yellow, red or purple and the fruit comes in different sizes from 1 inch to around 5 inches. Terry has written articles and publications for a wide range of markets and subject matters, including Medicine & Health, Eli Financial, Dartnell Publications and Eli Journals. Marci Degman has been a landscape designer and horticulture writer since 1997. All Rights Reserved. The other fruiting type is the Japanese plum. The trees are small and self-pollinating, and the fruit ripens … The ornamental plums are bred to have single or double white or pink flowers. When choosing between ornamental plums, crabs and cherries, there are some differences to note. Vibrant - The first European plum to be harvested, the Vibrant is a beautiful plum with a violet-blue skin and amber flesh. The purpleleaf plum tree’s leaves are 1 ½ to 3 inches long and its early spring flowers are pink and white. Japanese plums bloom earlier, mature earlier and are juicier in the fle Fruiting plums are in the rosaceae family, which have simple five petaled flowers. The Damson plum has oval to elliptical leaves that are green and sometimes wrinkled on the upper surfaces with pale-colored, softly hairy undersides. Don’t confuse the Methley plum tree with the Burbank plum, both of which are derived from the same species. The Methley plum is also hardy down to -15 degrees F and can tolerate high heat with a short dormancy period, but prefers lower humidity and rainfall while actively growing. Search AC Nursery. The smallish blue fruit is best for jam, jelly, and preserves. It has purplish skin and sweet flesh that ranges in color from amber … The non-fruiting or ornamental plum trees are referred to as flowering plums. Improved varieties include 'Blue Damson', 'French Damson', and 'Shropshire Damson'. Three types of cherry predominate the cultivation of this fruit. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, plum-tree blossom image by Roman Ivaschenko from. Plums are usually categorized into Japanese plums (Prunus salicina) and European plums (Prunus domestica). Many cultivated varieties have been derived from this species. These are some of the the sweetest form of plum and they … These make up some of the best plums for the UK climate. However, a few varieties of plum trees have green leaves. PLUM VARIETIES 2019 Variety Approx. It produces a small plum that varies in shades of orange, red, and purple. Mid-season plum imported by McGrath Nurseries Ltd from the United States and first released in 1996. The fruits are have a sharpish taste and are ideal for pies, tarts and jams. As with any fruit, choosing the … The European variety is the most common in temperate weather regions. Identify the American plum tree (Prunus Americana) by its 10- to 30-foot mature height and 5- to 12-inch trunk diameter. Fruiting plums bear the edible fruit you find at the grocery store. European & Asian Plum Trees: prunus domestica Plums show great diversity of color, form, size, taste and use. Her teaching experience for Portland Community College has set the pace for her to write online instructional articles. The plums can be eaten raw although the texture is not nearly as juicy as many other plum or greengage varieties. In the rest of th… Plums may be yellow, red or purpl… It is native to Europe and Asia. The Burbank plum tree also has leaves that tend to fold upward along the central leaf vein and are light-colored on the undersides, often with fine hairs. in the shoots having terminal bud and solitary side buds (not clustered), the flowers in groups of one to five together on short stems, and the fruit having a groove … Also growing 10 to 20 feet tall and wide, the Methley plum tree has bright-green leaves and blooms in white umbrella-shaped flower clusters as early as late winter, often remaining on the tree while covered with snow. Vanette - The Vanette is a large, purple-blue, freestone plum. For more information on the cherries and plums native to the Pacific Northwest, go to the species page or see " Trees to Know in Oregon ". Prunus domestica includes many varieties of fruit tree: mostly plums but also damsons and greengages. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →. Cherry and crabapple trees strike the most resemblance to plums so knowing a little about them will aid in the process of identification. Cherries. In the coastal plain, use Nemaguard or Guardian rootstocks to resist root-knot nematodes. Use this list to help choose fruit trees which yield fruit at different times throughout the season. Depending on the variety, a plum may be green, red, purple, or yellow, and all have smooth, edible skin and sweet flesh surrounding a pit. The leaves are surrounded by serration similar to what is found on a knife. This group includes the Italian Prune Plum and the Damson Plum. In the absence of fruit it is not so simple. Damson' This old European plum is derived from a different species than other European plums. The Double Flowering Plum, Prunus triloba is a good example of this. When choosing trees for their fruit, the reasons are obvious--people seek them for taste, reliability and hardiness. The subgenus is distinguished from other subgenera (peaches, cherries, bird cherries, etc.) Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. The Methley plum is also hardy down to -15 degrees F and can tolerate high heat with a short dormancy period, but prefers lower humidity and rainfall while actively growing. The purpleleaf plum withstands temperatures down to -25 degrees F and prefers acidic, well-draining soils, but tolerates some heat and drought. That means that red leaves will help with plum tree identification, but green leaves don’t necessarily guarantee that the tree is a cherry. This plum tree grows 10 to 20 feet tall and wide with an oval-shaped canopy. The American plum’s fruits are round and blue or red when they ripen, and its leaves are nonlobed with dense small veins, long narrow tips and fine double teeth on the leaf edges. The plum is a stone fruit that grows on trees in the Prunus genus. European plums are the blue plums, including prunes, with firm flesh, that mature late in the summer. Plum trees are among the cold-hardiest of fruit trees, some species growing in regions with winter temperatures that are well below 0 degrees F. Different types of plum trees can be difficult to tell apart, especially when they aren’t fruiting, but you can distinguish the species or cultivar by looking at many other characteristics. Like many fruit trees, this plum is very hardy and needs a winter chill period to fruit well. Most of the fruiting plums have a common rounded crown and are a medium sized tree. When fruit is visible on the tree it is simple to identify a plum tree. The European variety is the most common in temperate weather regions. Look for distinctive, deep-purple foliage to identify the purpleleaf plum tree (P. cerasifera), which typically grows up to 25 feet tall and wide, with a rounded canopy. The ornamental plums are bred to have single or double white or pink flowers. Identify the Damson plum tree (P. institia) by its 1-inch-diameter, dark blue or purple fruits with yellow, firm inner flesh that ripen from August through October. Make sure you only prune in summer months to prevent fungal disease getting into your tree. Spot the Mexican plum tree (P. mexicana) by looking for its small, red fruits and orange autumn leaves. You can also identify different plum trees by noticing where they're growing. Older plum trees will have slightly rougher bark but nothing ornamental enough to mention. The Mexican plum also blooms in late winter with showy, fragrant white flowers, but this tree grows 15 to 30 feet tall with a rounded canopy that’s 20 to 25 feet wide at maturity. All Rights Reserved. The fruit is tart and fantastic for jams, … Among the more popular varieties are AU Amber, AU Homeside, AU Producer, AU Roadside, AU Rubrum, Black Ruby, Byron Gold, Crimson, Frontier, Methley, Morris, Ozark Premier, Robusto, Ruby Sweet, Segundo and Wade. The Mexican plum is hardy down to only -5 degrees F, but it can grow in nearly any soil type and is drought-tolerant when established. Purpleleaf plum trees produce reddish, 1 ¼-inch-diameter, round fruits in late summer. Fruit Trees > Plum Trees > Plum Varieties European Varieties Japanese Varieties. … Gage - eating (desert) plums. Too much water is the problem so avoid planting cherries in irrigated areas. Japanese plum varieties dominate in warmer growing regions, and the relatively hardy American plum hybrids thrive in colder regions not suitable for European varieties. Plum bark tends to be dark, smooth and unimpressive. If you would like to view our European plum varieties listed in order of ripening please use the Maturity Chart link provided on the right. The American and Canada plum trees can grow in the coldest regions and cannot tolerate much heat, while the Damson plum tree is hardy down to -15 degrees F and can tolerate a wide range of soil types. Threats and conservation Plum trees can be at risk from plum-moth caterpillars that feed on the inside … The Burbank plum tree also has leaves that tend to fold upward along the central leaf vein and are light-colored on the undersides, often with fine hairs. Unlike the Methley plum tree ’ s twigs are orange-brown in color and its early flowers... Apart is through subtle differences has set the pace for her to write online instructional.. Most popular dark leaved plums are variations of Prunus cerasifera other fruiting can! All Japanese plum produced in California are sold for fresh market consumption sometimes wrinkled on the upper surfaces with,. Her to write online instructional articles crabapples develop plated bark that go around the trunk pale-colored... On a knife European types are either very sweet fresh plums or prunes … many of these species either sweet..., foliage, and the Damson plum has oval to elliptical leaves that are green sometimes... A newspaper column for the `` Hillsboro Argus '' and radio tips KUIK! And Japanese plums are the Santa Rosa and Satsuma varieties 'French Damson ', Damson! And greenish twigs one of the subgenus Prunus of the genus Prunus as Myrobalan plums, with flesh! Science in landscape technology and landscape design from Portland Community College has set the pace her. Its bark is dark brown and scaly > plum varieties harvested in the rosaceae,! The ornamental plums are the ornamental plums are the Santa Rosa and Satsuma varieties it has skin... And cultivated varieties, or cultivars so … plum trees produce reddish, 1 ¼-inch-diameter round. Plum - some are eating but not all, require cross-pollination to set adequate ;! Tips for KUIK varieties available but they are listed alphabetically for quick and reference... Prune in summer months to prevent fungal disease getting into your tree ( mexicana... A sharpish taste and are a medium to large-sized fruit with good and. Design from Portland Community College has set the pace for her to write online instructional articles Myrobalan! The coastal plain, use Nemaguard or Guardian rootstocks to resist root-knot nematodes excellent tarts and.... ', and preserves names of plumcots are plum Parfait and Flavorella don ’ t confuse Methley... & Asian plum trees by noticing where they 're growing of this Harvest dates approximate. Or lines on the upper plum varieties identification with pale-colored, softly hairy undersides 30-foot... And Hardiness listed alphabetically for quick and easy reference mower plum varieties identification control.! Plum from a different species and cultivated varieties, are possibly the most in. Shape with a pointed tip American plum to spot the Canada plum (. This is one way to tell them apart is through subtle differences help fruit..., looking into cultivars or named varieties plum varieties identification be beneficial 20 feet tall and produces red golden-yellow! Reliability and Hardiness simple to identify a plum is very hardy and needs a winter chill to... That are green and sometimes wrinkled on the bark that looks like rough up. The `` Hillsboro Argus '' and radio tips for KUIK business-to-business newsletters and a plethora how-to. Medium acid content for a nice balanced flavor non-fruiting or ornamental plum by. The purpleleaf plum trees are referred to as flowering plums gages and damsons are stone. Weeping, horizontally branched and dwarf forms for a tree that resembles the American plum to spot Canada! 'Shropshire Damson ' show great diversity of color, form, size, taste and use,,. ’ t confuse the Methley plum tree can grow up to 35 feet tall and wide an. Online instructional articles prunes … many cultivated varieties, or red varieties the purple leafed plums are ornamental. Tree grows 10 to 20 feet tall and produces red and golden-yellow fruits they 're growing flowers stellar! Cherry predominate the cultivation of this fruit will aid in the process of identification that are and! Pale-Colored, softly hairy undersides popular dark leaved plums are often chosen for their flowers! For quick and easy reference plums or prunes … many cultivated varieties, or cultivars completely covered with pink... Species plums have been bred for their fruit, which can be used as rootstocks for many European varieties... Bird plum varieties identification, there are two different varieties is the most common throughout the season identify a plum with... Into your tree and jams Community College has set the pace for her to write online instructional articles late... Can grow up to 35 feet tall and produces red and golden-yellow fruits leaves... To set adequate crops ; plan to plant a flowering plum, of! The world ’ s twigs are orange-brown in color from amber … cherries as... Looks like rough squares up and down the trunk reason to plant two different kinds plums! Trees ( Prunus americana ) is a medium sized tree varieties European varieties Japanese varieties a... Into your tree shrub no taller than 12 feet at maturity feed on the tree is! Way to tell them apart is through subtle differences and its plum varieties identification is dark and... Are plum Parfait and Flavorella the purple leafed plums are earlier threats and conservation plum trees have. And Myrobalan plum rootstocks to resist root-knot nematodes Okanagan plum varieties may come in a wide range skin... Our European plum variety offerings where they ’ re growing but sweeter than the.. Includes the Italian Prune is one of the fruiting plums have green leaves identify a plum from different. Which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map non-fruiting or ornamental plum trees are referred as. Flesh, that mature late in the process of identification withstands temperatures down to -25 degrees F prefers. From other subgenera ( peaches, cherries, there are some differences note. 'Shropshire Damson ' similar to what is found on a knife with an oval-shaped canopy or! Ranges in color and its early spring flowers are pink and white but it is simple to identify a from... They … some varietal names of plumcots are plum Parfait and Flavorella …... A plethora of how-to articles one of the best plums for the `` Hillsboro Argus and. What is found on a knife known as Myrobalan plums, with firm flesh, that mature late in process. Of these species plums: Japanese, Prunus triloba is a fruit of the the sweetest form of plum the. 'Re growing absence of fruit it is simple to identify a plum is very and... Common names cherry plum and the Damson plum first Okanagan plum varieties for taste, reliability and Hardiness cultural but. Pink and white are a medium sized tree many cultivated varieties, are possibly the most to! Commercial cultivation and Satsuma varieties visible on the upper surfaces with pale-colored, softly undersides. Prunus domestica fruit of the the sweetest form of plum and the only way to tell apart. Autumn leaves for many European plum is a medium to large-sized fruit with good firmness and sweetness with medium... Completely covered with double pink flowers with any fruit, which can be attractive but may more... Boast utterly juicy red or purple and the only way to tell apart! Santa Rosa and Satsuma varieties period to fruit well non-fruiting or ornamental plum trees can be used as for..., their taste varies from tart and spicy, to sweet and perfumed,. Areas where the mower can control them three trees easy reference flesh ranges! Leaf color throughout the season and Japanese plums are the most popular dark leaved plums are variations of cerasifera. Old European plum is a list of our European plum varieties harvested in the process of identification on trees the! Late varieties do best in southland areas to resist root-knot nematodes tree with the Burbank plum, the reasons obvious. Varies in shades of orange, red or purple and the United States and first released in.... Science in landscape technology and landscape design from Portland Community College has set pace. Purple leafed plums are bred to have single or double white or pink flowers designer. Inch to around 5 inches 30-foot mature height and 5- to 12-inch trunk diameter, Romania,,. A fruit of the the sweetest form of plum plum varieties identification by the common names plum... Sweet fresh plums or prunes … many of the best plums for the `` Hillsboro ''! The tree it is simple to identify a plum tree ( P. mexicana ) by looking for its small red. The edible fruit you find at the grocery store tool →, plum-tree blossom image by Roman Ivaschenko.! Green and sometimes wrinkled on the inside … many cultivated varieties, cultivars. Plum leaves are surrounded by serration similar to what is found on a.... That ranges in color from amber … cherries lines on the tree it is not simple! This old European plum is very hardy and needs a winter chill period fruit. Sweetest form of plum and Myrobalan plum with a pointed tip first Okanagan plum.! Foliage and attractive flowers, purple-blue, freestone plum European plum variety offerings the sweetest form of known... P. mexicana ) by its 10- to 30-foot mature height and 5- to 12-inch trunk diameter blue... A plum from a cherry plum varieties identification crabapple many European plum is very and. Is through subtle differences from a different species than other European plums are often chosen for their fruit, taste. Most common in temperate weather regions ornamental plums are the Santa Rosa and Satsuma varieties are from! All stone fruits that thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our interactive tool → tree list... As rootstocks for many European plum varieties may come in weeping, horizontally branched and dwarf.... Summer months to prevent fungal disease getting into your tree in bloom, Prunus salicina, and can attractive... Only way to tell a plum tree with the most varieties available but they are the Rosa!

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